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Union Public Service Commission
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          Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. The functions of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are:

1) Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union,

     1) Civil Services
     2) Indian Forest Service
     3) Engineering Services
     4) Combined Defence Services
     5) National Defence Academy
     6) Naval Academy
     7) Combined Medical Services
     8) Special Class Railway Apprentice
     9) Indian Economic Services
    10) Indian Statistical Services
    11) Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist
    12) Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant)

2) Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
3) Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.
4) Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
5) Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
6) Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.

Civil Services Examination's Services and Posts

​1) Indian Administrative Service.
2) Indian Foreign Service.
3) Indian Police Service.
4) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
5) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
6) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
7) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
8) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
9) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
10) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
11) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
12) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
13) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
14) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.
15) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
16) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
17) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
18) Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III).
19) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".
20) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
21) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
22) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
23) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
24) Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B'.


How to Apply

          Candidates are required to apply Online by using the website Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the above mentioned website.

CategoryMaximum AgeAttempt
SC/ST37As many as upto age limit

Academic Eligibility UPSC Classes in Thane UPSC Classes in Mumbai MPSC Classes in Thane

  • The candidate must hold a degree of recognized Universities or possess an equivalent qualification.
  • Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear for the Preliminary Examination. All such candidates who qualify to appear for the Civil Services Main Examination must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with their application for the Main Examination

Plan of Examination

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages:
     (i) Preliminary Examination for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination.
     (ii) Main Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.

Preliminary Examination

  • The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks. 
  • This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. 
  • The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination.
  • It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Prelim Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.
  • Note I: The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Civil Service (Main) Examination based on the criterion of minimum qualifying marks of 33% in General Studies Paper-II of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination and total qualifying marks of General Studies Paper-I of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination as may be determined by the Commission.
  • Note II: There will be negative marking for incorrect answers (as detailed below) for all questions except some of the questions where the negative-marking will be inbuilt in the form of different marks being awarded to the most appropriate and not so appropriate answer for such questions.

          (i) There are four alternatives for the answers to every question. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.
          (ii) If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happen to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that question.
          (iii) If a question is left blank, i.e. no answer is given by the candidate; there will be no penalty for that question.

PaperTotal QuestionsMarksDurationNature of Paper
Paper I - General Studies1002002HrsObjective
Paper II - CSAT802002HrsObjective

Main Examination

  • The Main Examination will consist of written examination and an interview test.
  • The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.
  • The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate's general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.
  • The questions are likely to test the candidate's basic understanding of all relevant issues and ability to analyze and take a view on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.
  • The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers for the examination is broadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors' degree and lower than the masters' degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelor's degree.​
  • The written examination will consist of 9 papers of conventional essay type out of which two papers will be of qualifying in nature. Marks obtained for all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VlI) and Marks obtained in Interview for Personality Test will be counted for ranking.
  • Evaluation of the papers, namely, ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on 'Indian Languages' and 'English' but the papers on ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in ‘Indian Language and 25% marks in English as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.
  • Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion, shall be summoned by them for an interview for a Personality Test. The number of candidates to be summoned for interview will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled. The interview will carry 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).
  • Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their ranks in the Examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various services and posts.

Qualifying Papers
Paper A: One of the Indian Language included in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution3003HrsDescriptive
Paper B: English 3003HrsDescriptive
Papers to be counted for merit
Paper I - Essay2503HrsDescriptive
Paper II - General Studies- I:
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
Paper III - General Studies- II:
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
Paper IV - General Studies-III:
Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Paper V - General Studies- IV:
Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

Paper VI - Optional Subject - Paper I2503HrsDescriptive
Paper VII - Optional Subject - Paper II2503HrsDescriptive

Interview: Marks: 275

​​              ​​    The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his/her career. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers.
                  The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his/her intellectual qualities but also social traits and his/her interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion
and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity. 
                  The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.

Detailed Syllabus

Preliminary Examination Syllabus

Paper I - General Studies

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography -Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty,Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.


Paper II - Civil Services Aptitude Test (C.S.A.T)

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision-making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation  (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. -Class X level).

Main Examination Syllabus

Paper A and Paper B - Indian Languages And English

  • The Papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and Paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and the marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. 
  • The aim of the paper is to test the candidate's ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian ​Language concerned.
  • The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :-

            (i) Comprehension of given passages
           (ii) Precis Writing 
          (iii) Usage and Vocabulary
          (iv) Short Essays

Indian Languages :-
            (i) Comprehension of given passages
           (ii) Precis Writing
          (iii) Usage and Vocabulary
          (iv) Short Essays
           (v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Language                             Script       

Assamese                             Assamese
Bengali                                  Bengali
Gujarati                                 Gujarati
Hindi                                     Devanagari
Kannada                               Kannada
Kashmiri                               Persian
Konkani                                Devanagari
Malayalam                            Malayalam
Manipuri                               Bengali
Marathi                                 Devanagari
Nepali                                    Devanagari
Oriya                                      Oriya
Punjabi                                  Gurumukhi
Sanskrit                                 Devanagari
Sindhi                                    Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil                                     Tamil
Telugu                                   Telugu
Urdu                                      Persian
Bodo                                      Devanagari
Dogri                                      Devanagari
Maithilli                                 Devanagari
Santhali                                 Devanagari or Olchiki


  • Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.
  • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely. 
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

PAPER-II General Studies-I
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • ​Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • ​Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world's physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies- II
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • ​Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  • Issues relating to development and management of SocialSector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV General Studies-III
Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India. 
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. 
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to internal security.​ 
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, ​basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas;​linkages of organized crime with ​terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies ​and their mandate

PAPER-V General Studies- IV
Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
                This paper will include questions to test the candidate's  attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. upsc exam coaching classes
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Optional Subject Papers I & II

Candidates may choose any optional subject from the list of Optional Subjects given​ below,
(i) Agriculture
(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
(iii) Anthropology
(iv) Botany
(v) Chemistry
(vi) Civil Engineering
(vii) Commerce and Accountancy
(viii) Economics
(ix) Electrical Engineering
(x) Geography
(xi) Geology
(xii) History
(xiii) Law
(xiv) Management
(xv) Mathematics
(xvi) Mechanical Engineering
(xvii) Medical Science
(xviii) Philosophy
(xix) Physics
(xx) Political Science and International Relations
(xxi) Psychology
(xxii) Public Administration
(xxiii) Sociology
(xxiv) Statistics
(xxv) Zoology
(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.